The Virginia legislature had authorized an immediate sanctions program (ISP), modeled after Hawaii’s famous HOPE program, at four pilot projects under Va. Code § 19.2-303.5. Harrisonburg and Rockingham county was one of these four, and began ISP on January 1, 2014. Unfortunately, the pilot projects were not able to maintain fidelity to the model. Less than half of the violations were making it to trial in under three days, and accordingly outcomes were was less than was hoped. The authorizing legislation was not renewed by the general assembly and expired in July 2017. The Valley Justice Coalition continues to support the HOPE/ISP model, and hopes that additional pilot programs will be attempted in the future with a greater commitment to maintaining program fidelity.
- Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission. (2013, October 1). Virginia’s Immediate Sanction Probation pilot program implementation report.
- Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission. (2015, December 3). 2015 Annual report.
- Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission. (2016, December 20). Immediate Sanction Probation pilot program evaluation.
- Kornell, S. (2013). Probation That Works: Swift and certain punishment reduces crime. Parolees love it. Slate magazine.
- McEvoy, K. (2012). HOPE: A swift and certain process for probationers. National Institute of Justice.