The Virginia legislature had authorized an immediate sanctions program (ISP), modeled after Hawaii’s famous HOPE program, at four pilot projects under Va. Code § 19.2-303.5. Harrisonburg and Rockingham county was one of these four, and began ISP on January 1, 2014. Unfortunately, the authorizing legislation was not renewed by the general assembly and expired in July 2017. This this program needs to be renewed and expanded across the state.